Staff Writer: Greta Frusha
HTML is short for HyperText Markup Language. It has been around relatively unchanged since the beginning of the internet. It is taught in web design schools in Los Angeles as well as other web design schools across the world. It is the language used to write web pages. When you go to a web design class, you will learn the language of web design.
Marketing jobs in Los Angeles CA will look for those web designers that have their HTML basics down. HTML uses tags that are written with pairs of brackets that look like this < >. This pair of brackets or tag defines the structure of the content that is included within them. Setting up a paragraph is simple as beginning with <p> to designate the beginning and </p> to end the paragraph. There are several types of stand-alone tags that are used without the ending tag. These main stand-alone tags are some that are used and taught in web design class los angeles.
- Line-break is written as <br> in HTML and <br/> in xHTML.
- A horizontal rule puts a line across the page and is written <hr> or <hr/> in xHTML.
- The tag <img> signifies an image placement. Headings are marked as <h1>, </h1>. The numbers change with the number of headings used. Headings are used for marking section headings in a web page.
- One of the most common tags is the <div>, </div>. It is a general purpose box that takes up the full width of the space that it is in.
- Another general purpose container that silently wraps around what is contained in it is written like this <span>, </span>.
- To stress a section, the tag <strong>, </strong> and usually shows in bold.
- Emphasized text that is normally rendered in italics is the tags <em>, </em>.
- The tag <title> goes in the document’s head section and cannot be seen on the web page. This tells what the title of the web page is and shows up in the browser’s title bar.
The newer version of HTML is xHTML and is HTML written in a strict XML syntax. The difference between the two is not very great. If a page must be written in HTML, then HTML must be used. The same with a page that designates xHTML must be written with xHTML.
Problems will arise if the two are combined. We couldn’t “read” a page written in Latin and English without having problems occur. Neither can a program decipher HTML and xHTML when it is geared specifically to one or the other.
There are three things to remember when using xHTML.
- Tags must be lowercase.
- All of the parameters in tags must be in quotes.
- The stand-alone tags must end with a forward-slash that must be preceded with a space.
Basic HTML is simply placing the correctly written tags in the spots that it needs to go. It is not as complicated as most would believe. It’s simply describing content and structure within a web page.